Once space is often excavated a retaining wall is built or even in cases when an embankment has been filled with soil, a retaining wall is constructed to offer firm support to the structure and minimize erosion of soil. You can also find these walls in terraced gardens, or may even require building a retaining wall while you get some designer structures in your garden. While if you are one of the owners of the property then you must accept the fact that these walls play a vital role in saving different structures, embankments or filled out areas from sudden collapse. It adds value to any property. These retaining walls not only control wash out after any excavation or soil erosion but effectively keep the structures in position and support them firmly avoiding them from collapsing. Soil erosion or collapse of soil can not only pose a threat to your property support and strength but may also be a reason for accidents.
Benefits at a Glance
- Offers firm functional support to the soil to keep them intact in one place.
- Adds to the aesthetic appeal of any pile or filled up area which may other seem like an eyesore of junk piles.
- Minimizes soil erosion to a great extent.
- A good and strong support structure also eliminates the need for regular maintenance of structures like terraced gardens, property garden structures, etc.
- Plays a vital and helpful role in preventing the land from flooding.
- Also helps in saving the property from getting damaged.
Function of Retaining Wall
The primary function of a retaining wall is to offer comprehensive constructional support to soil from a building structure from sliding down or even from eroding. It provides symmetric vertical or sometimes also near-vertical grade changes in supporting soil from sliding down. Besides this, in most cases, gardens, lawns, backyards or even at the periphery of property compounds these types of walls are often found, which are visually pleasing and help in enhancing the aesthetic appeal of the property. Thus, a retaining wall serves dual functionality
Retaining Wall Building materials
A little understanding of the different types of materials can be considered very helpful for the construction of a retaining wall. Some of the standard material options that prove to be most suitable for the construction of a retaining wall are included timber, poured concrete, concrete blocks, stone, and brick. Moreover, even in retaining wall there are different types, and so it gets vital that your civil engineer offer you the best suggestion about the requirement of material that is best suited for the type of construction you propose along with the consideration of your land soil type. The most common types of retaining walls are:
- Piling wall
- Gravity wall
- Anchored wall
- Cantilever wall
Each type of building material comes along with their own set of properties, advantages and disadvantages. However, knowing the characteristics of the material and its type is best before deciding its usage in erecting of a retaining wall.
- Damp and moist areas or areas experiencing heavy rainfall need a material that can offer distinguished support from washing away of soil as well as protection from dampening, and concrete and mortar serve this purpose best.
- Timber again is a beautiful, and high maintenance choice rather it requires definite maintenance to save them from pest attacks and dampening.
- However, to serve functionality as well as aesthetic quotient boulder, stone retaining walls can be the best which are adequately strong and offer effective support to structures. However, their constructional strength lies in the skills of their makers.